Islam is a religion that is known to guide its followers in every aspect of their lives including personal life, economic life, social life etc. and have rules and regulations that govern these parts. These rules, responsibilities and rights that each individual is given ensures discipline and order in the society.
It is believed in Islam that it is the responsibility of a male to take care of the females. Before her marriage, she is the responsibility of her father or her brother and after marriage, the husband takes care of her. In case, she doesn’t have a father, brother, husband or any other male in the family to look after her, the Muslim society is responsible for the same. It is not mandatory for females to work, earn and spend her earnings on her family, even though she is permitted to do so.
The Islamic law does not prevent a woman from working and earning for herself or her family. The Islamic law lets women enjoy rights to own a property, do a job, own a business, buy, sell or trade. Even if a woman is not working, she has assets like property, jewellery, etc and she has complete right to decide how she wants to use them. For instance, if a woman wants to sell her jewellery or property in order to make herself financially better, she can do so. She also has the right to enter into legal contracts if she is capable of doing so.
Economic Rights of Muslim Women
Islam has laws that makes sure that the females enjoy financial stability in almost all situations. There are certain rules that prove the point like:
A woman is allowed to work in any environment that ensures her safety and her modesty. Whatever she earns is her own and she has complete right to decide in what way she wants to use her money. No one can order her and tell her where and how to spend her money. If she doesn’t want to spend her earnings on the family, she doesn’t have to.
A woman is entitled to many gifts at the time of her engagement. She receives it as a gift and she is not bound to give these gifts or money to anyone else.
Women also receive a dowry from her husband at the time of her marriage. It is compulsory for the husband to give her a mahr until and unless she readily agrees not to take it. Just like her earnings, she is not bound to pass on or spend the mahr to someone else.
Providing protection, financial stability and maintenance is the responsibility of the man even if the woman earns more than him. She can help her husband financially by spending her earnings, but she is in no way bound to do so.
During marriage, Islam puts the responsibility of financial deeds on the husband, but if the couple gets divorced, the husband has to take care of her until the waiting period is over. In case a woman is found to be pregnant during the waiting period, she must be financially supported by the man till the delivery. She is entitled to child support too even after the couple is separated.
Most of the Muslim societies have misinterpreted what has been written in the Quran. As per many scholars, if people actually start following the Quran and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad without doubting them, the status of women in Muslim societies will be much better.