ISLAMIC MARRIAGE

Marriages are a very important part of society. Just like in any other religion, marriages are given importance in Islam also. According to Islam, getting married is also for the cause of Allah.

Marriage Contract

Marriage in Islam is known as Nikah and is done with a marriage contract that should state that both, the bride and the groom are ready for the marriage with their own will. Signing the contract is a mandatory tradition in the muslim’s marriages. The contract contains the duties and rights of the bride and the groom. Without signing the contract, the couple cannot marry.
Witnesses also play an important role in Islamic marriages. As witness, there should be either two males or a male and two females. In case, there are no witnesses, the marriage is considered a secret marriage and is not legal.

Importance of Marriage in Islam

Islam gives a lot of importance to marriages. According to Quran, it is mandatory to people to get married. There is no place for celibacy, monasticism and homosexuality are completely forbidden in Islam. People who remain bachelors for life are not given much respect as is the case in many other religions. According to Islam, marriage is a mandatory tradition that every Muslim must follow.

TYPES OF ISLAMIC MARRIAGE

Unlike other religions, Islamic marriages can be of more than one type. These are the types of marriages which are there in Islam:

Nikah

  • This is the proper or the most valid type of marriage in Islam. This is done with a contract including the responsibilities and rights of the bride and the groom. The couple should sign the marriage contract by their own will in front of witnesses. There should be two men or a man and two women as marriage witnesses.
  • The couple inherit from each other and have rights on each other’s assets. They follow all their social, financial and private responsibilities that are mentioned in the marriage contract.
  • The marriage comes to an end only after they get divorced or any of them dies.

Nikah Mut’ah

  • This type of marriage process is followed in Shias. This is known as the temporary marriage where the couple is bound to each other for life, but only for a pre decided limited time.
  • Though the husband is not responsible for taking care of the wife financially, he has to give her a mahr. The couple does not inherit anything from each other.
  • After the end of period mentioned in the contract, the couple is not forced to accept each other as wife and husband.
  • This marriage is only considered a marriage if permitted by the twelvers branch. Twelvers is the branch that believes in the twelve successors of Muhammad who were believed to preserve and interpret the Shariah law properly.

Nikah Misyar

  • Nikah Misyar is allowed in Sunnis. This type of marriage means that the husband and the wife can leave or disagree to follow some of the responsibilities mentioned in the contract. They may also willingly let go of some of their rights.
  • There is no strict rules to be followed by the couple and they have very less or no social, financial responsibility towards each other.

Interfaith marriage

Muslim men are allowed to marry females of other religion(mainly Judaism or Christianity) and it is not mandatory for them to convert to Islam if the female has proper understanding of her religion. This is not allowed for muslim females. They cannot marry a non Muslim male.

Just like other cultures, marriages in Muslims are also a big event and has many rituals which are followed by the people. Some of such rituals include Istikhara, Magni, Mehndi, Aasri Mushaf, Rukhsat etc.
In Islamic marriage, polygyny is permitted but polyandry is not permitted, that means a Muslim man can have up to four wives, with the condition that he will treat all the four wives equally. Women are not allowed to have more than one husband.

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