In Islamic culture, every aspect related to the life of a person has been covered. Everything has been governed and judged by the rules and regulations of the Islamic law in order to remove any kind of confusion among people.
Islam gives equal importance to the current life and the life after death. It states that a person should not only take care of the current life, but also the afterlife. Muslims believe that all of them has to face the judgement day and they will be treated on the basis of what they spoke and did during their life. Allah is the only one to judge them for their words and deeds.
Islamic culture gives a lot of importance to family. Muslims believe that a family can be happy and balanced if all the members are aware of their duties towards their family members.
According to Islam, cultivation of good qualities in a person starts from home itself. According to Islam, a person is responsible for taking care of his direct dependents like his parents, wife, children and servants. A person cannot force someone else to take care of his dependents but if he is financially capable of taking care if his relatives too, he can help them too.
Structure of Islamic Family
Islamic family is divided in three groups:
- First group is the closest people that includes the husband, the wife, their children and their parents.
- The second group consists of people that are close relatives who not permitted to marry each other and there is no need of the hijab.
- The rest are covered in the third group of family structure.
It is taught in Islamic culture from a very early age to respect and obey elders. Islam promotes living in a joint family because it teaches humanism, trusting others, co-operation. Though joint families have some disadvantages such as a person working hard to put food on the table while others enjoying the laziness, Islam makes sure that such conditions do not occur by the rule that a person is solely responsible for taking care of his dependents. Living in joint family means that the children learn valuable lessons from their elders, grandparents etc.
According to Islam, separate families can make a person selfish, mean and ignorant of other people. This is why every person in the family has been assigned a duty, so that they care for each other. Islam makes sure by its rules that family members share a strong bond through mutual trust, consultation, communication etc.
As already spoken, Islam teaches people to live a righteous life so that at the judgement day, they are awarded heaven. For this, every Muslim has to follow the five pillars of Islam which are as follows:
- Believing in only one god, Allah.
- Praying five times a day: Muslims(after reaching puberty) should worship five times a day between dawn to dusk.
- Fasting: It is mandatory for Muslims to fast during the month of Ramadan.
- Charity: Every Muslim should donate if he earns more than what is required by him. A person who is financially strong should donate at least 2.5% of what the person earns.
- Pilgrimage to Mecca: Person who is physically and financially capable of going to Mecca should visit there for pilgrimage at least once in his/her lifetime in adulthood.
There are six articles of faith or the important beliefs in Muslim:
- Belief in One God: Muslims believe in only one God, Allah. He is the only one who should be worshiped.
- Belief in Angels: Muslims believe that Allah created angels to be the messengers of God. The most important angel in Islam is Gabriel (Jibril).
- Belief in Prophets of God: Prophet Muhammad is believed to be the last prophet. Prophets are the communicators of the God to tell the people about God’s will.
- Belief in Revealed Books of God: The most important book in Muslims is the Quran. Quran was formed when the angel Gabriel revealed the words of Allah to Muhammad. Other important books in Islam are Torah and Gospel.
- Belief in Day of Judgment: Day of judgement means that each person is judged by Allah as per deeds done by the person and sent to heaven or hell.
- Belief in Destiny and Divine Decree: They believe that God knows everything and everything that happens in the life is predetermined by his will.
Muslims believe that people of all the religions are created by Allah only and so they do not differentiate between people on the basis of their caste, religion, color etc.