Islam is the second most followed religion in the world. Asia, Middle Eastern part, Africa, Europe, America etc are the regions which include many Muslims. Though Muslims from each place have beliefs that may differ a little from other places, all of them believe that there is only one God, Allah(only he can be worshiped) and that Muhammad was the one to whom Quran was revealed by the God’s angel Gabriel. All the Muslims, no matter from where they belong, believe in charity, praying five times a day, pilgrimage, judgement day, god’s will etc. This article is a brief description of some of the aspects of Islamic life. They believe in completely surrendering themselves to the God and leaving everything on his will, though they have the right to react to their surrounding.
According to Muslims, Allah is the God of everyone in the world. He created the whole world, not only the Muslims. In different religions, God is called by different names, but that doesn’t that there are many Gods. There is only one God, no matter how many names he has been given in different religions. Allah never gets tired, never sleeps or dies.
ORIGIN OF ISLAMIC CULTURE / MUSLIM CULTURE
The origin of Islamic culture is considered to be long before the birth of Muhammad, but it spread only after the revelation of Quran to Muhammad.
Muhammad is considered to be the last messenger of Allah, and was born in the sixth century to ʿAbd Allāh(father) and Āminah (mother) in Mecca.
Muhammad was the last messenger of Allah. He became an orphan at an age of six years and lived with his grandfather for around two years. After the death of his grandfather, he was taken up by his uncle named Abu Talib who took care of him. He married his first wife at an age of twenty five years and his wife was fifteen years elder than him.
Muhammad started receiving revelations at the age of around forty years, by the angel named Gabriel who was sent to him by Allah himself. These revelations later formed the Quran which is believed to be the holiest books in Islam and is read and followed by Muslims all over the world. Quran is believed to be the words of Allah himself, so disobeying anything written in the Quran is considered a sin.
How did Muslim Culture spread?
The believers of Muhammad were forced to leave Mecca because of the differences in their beliefs. So, Muhammad along with his followers moved to Abyssinia and kept preaching the people. When many people starting believing in his teachings, Muhammad asked all his followers from all over the place to meet at Medina, from where they returned to Mecca. Due to a large force of people with Muhammad, he was allowed to enter Mecca. After this he moved back to Medina and declared the place a Muslim state.
Successors who led people after Muhammad’s death
After the death of Prophet Muhammad, the Muslims were majorly divided in two groups, the Sunni and the Shia. The Sunni people believed that the adviser and the father-in-law of Muhammad, Abu Bakr should be the leader, whereas the Shias believed that the friend and the son-in-law of Muhammad, Ali is the rightful leader.
The Sunnis had declared Abu Bakr as their leader who governed them for two years. After Abu Bakr’s death, the new leader was Omar, after whom Othman became the next caliph of the Sunnis.
The fourth leader was Ali who was believed to be the successor of Muhammad by the Shias. The Shias believe in the twelve leaders or successors of Muhammad named Ali, Hasan, Husayn, al-Sajjad, al-Baqir, al-Sadiq, al-Kadhim, ar-Ridha, al-Taqi, al-Naqi, al-Askari and al-Mahdi. This branch or the group is called the “twelvers” who interpreted and preserved the correct meaning of the Shariah law and the Quran.
Though both the groups wanted different leaders to guide them, they also had some common beliefs like faith in only one God, believing in holy books, angels, judgement day or the afterlife and prophethood.
ISLAMIC RELIGION RULES / FACTS
By tradition we mean the passing on of culture, principles, beliefs, practices etc from generation to generation. These elements usually have some past significance or evidences attached to them. Islam also has some beliefs and practices that are being followed since its origin, no matter which location a Muslim belongs to.
Talking about language of Muslims, they speak various languages. Not all Muslims are situated at a single place, so they speak the language of that particular place where they are staying. Muslims speak various languages like Javanese, Punjabi, Malay, Bengali, Fula, Hausa, Tatar, Turkish, Persian, Pashto, Balochi, Kashmiri etc. The early literature and the holy books of Islam have been written in Arabic only because the religion originated from Mecca where people spoke Arabic. After some time when Islam began to spread in the world, people speaking languages other than Arabic also wrote books and literature in their languages too.
In Islamic culture, every aspect related to the life of a person has been covered. Everything has been governed and judged by the rules and regulations of the Islamic law in order to remove any kind of confusion among people.
Marriages are a very important part of society. Just like in any other religion, marriages are given importance in Islam also. According to Islam, getting married is also for the cause of Allah.
Islamic architecture has many examples of both secular and religious buildings constructed by Muslims after the seventh century by the Muslims who conquered various parts of the world. Mostly Islamic architecture includes mosques, tombs, forts, public baths, palaces etc.
Islam states code for both men and women related to their dressing. Islam believes that Muslims should protect themselves from things that are either not permitted in the religion or considered a sin. Things that we are exposed to affect us mentally, physically and spiritually. That is why Islam has dress code to promote modest dressing in the society.
Dress codes in Islam ensures that people live their life with modesty, dignity, respect and honor. Dress code applies to both men and women.