According to many people, women in Islam are treated as someone inferior to the men, but is it the laws of Islam or the man made laws that have created this misconception. The law that governs all the Muslims and every aspect of their lives is ‘Sharia’ and it is nowhere mentioned in Sharia that women are to be treated as someone degraded or inferior to men. The laws that suggest such a thing are not mentioned in Sharia or in Quran, but are developed by men who do not give equal importance to females.
Here we discuss some of spiritual, economic, social, educational and political Muslim women rights which prove that females are equal to men in every aspect of their lives.
According to the verses in Quran, men and women, both have the same spirit in them. They were created by the same God, Allah and worship him. They are supposed to believe in the same God and follow the same laws that were mentioned in Quran. Each men and women are judged by Allah on the basis of their deeds, not on the basis of their gender. According to Quran, both men and women are to perform the same spiritual duties such as worshiping, fasting, donating, pilgrimage etc. and if they do the righteous things, they will both be rewarded for their good deeds.
Also women are allowed to lead a prayer, which is not known by many people. Prophet Muhammad himself used to ask females to come ahead and lead prayers because they have same spiritual duties and rights. There is no difference in Muslim women rights and Muslim men rights when talking about spirituality.
Women before Islam were not treated very well, but after Prophet Muhammad spread the God’s message through Quran, their status in the society improved. There were many women in Islam who were independent and noble women who acted as an inspiration for other women. Women have equal right to inherit property. Though in case of any final will, the males inherit twice the property. This is not because women are considered inferior, but because it is the sole responsibility of men to take care of the family financially. Women are not forced at all to work if they do not want to. Also, if women are working, they are not forced to spend their earnings on the household. They can keep and spend her money completely on herself. Women are allowed to keep the property on their name, which was earlier inherited by their husbands, no matter what.
One of the best thing that happened after the establishment of Islam was prohibiting female infanticide. Earlier people had right to kill their infant daughters of they did not want her, but after Islam was introduced to people, this practice was stopped and was considered a crime. Socially men and women are considered friends and can enjoy the same rights as men as long as they are behaving in a dignified manner. This applies to men too and proves that Muslim women rights are similar to men’s.
Muslim women rights are similar to men’s if talking about choice of spouse. They cannot be forced to marry someone if they do not want to. Also most of the responsibilities in Muslim marriage are to be taken care of by the groom’s side. Females get a gift from the groom’s side that is called the Meher and they can keep it for themselves without sharing it with someone else without her consent. They are allowed to keep their original name after marriage instead of using her husband’s name.
They may have different duties in a marriage, but that is just to complement each other so that their married life works well. This helps them to maintain a strong family. Different duties just indicate that men and women differ each other in physical and mental aspects, therefore different duties can be performed better by them.
Women and men are supposed to have a relationship that has love and mercy. Daughters and mothers are given very important positions in Muslim families.
In Islam, getting education is compulsory for both men and women. History proves that there were female scholars in Islam who taught other females and also males. So Muslim women rights emphasizes on treating women equal to men and helping them get good education.
Women are allowed to take part in law making. It has been seen in history that many laws were finalized only after asking for suggestions from females. Also they were allowed to go to a battlefield if they wanted to. Though it is not compulsory for them, they cannot be forbidden to support their fellow mates in a war just because they are females.
There are many Muslims who do not understand Quran well and therefore treat their women badly, later blaming the Quran for their deeds. There were so many bad practices going on in the society before the establishment of Islam which were then eradicated by Islam.